Temple


Temple
   The site of worship for a deity or a series of deities located in each Egyptian center. During the New Kingdom and later, a major temple consisted of a pylon in front of an open courtyard followed by a hypostyle or columned hall and then a series of rooms leading to the naos, or sacred shrine, in which the image of the deity was contained. The general public was admitted only to the first courtyard, and only the priests and officials were granted access to the rest of the building. It was believed that for stability to be maintained, the sacred rituals had to be carried out daily. These ceremonies consisted of waking the deity in his or her shrine, clothing the image, and offering food regularly. The image might be carried into the courtyard or out of the temple on festive days on a sacred boat or barque. The temple also contained royal and private statuary, as the king and officials would hope that their names might be read by the priests, thus they would become immortal. Religious worship was not confined to the main temples but also took place more directly between supplicant and deity at various small local shrines. Mortuary temples for deceased rulers were initially associated with the burial site but during the New Kingdom were located some distance away.
   See also Pyramid; Religion.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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  • temple — [ tɑ̃pl ] n. m. • temple de Salomon 1080; lat. templum 1 ♦ (1170) Didact. Édifice public consacré au culte d une divinité. ⇒aussi église, mosquée, pagode, synagogue. « La crainte a élevé des temples » (Valéry). Consacrer; profaner un temple. 2 ♦… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Temple — • The Latin form, templum, from which the English temple is derived, originally signified an uncovered area marked off by boundaries; especially the place marked off by the augurs to be excepted from all profane uses Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • temple — 1. (tan pl ) s. m. 1°   Chez les Romains, lieu découvert d où la vue pouvait s étendre, et consacré par les augures. •   Le sénat ne pouvait s assembler légalement que dans un lieu consacré par les augures, auquel on donnait pour cette raison le… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Temple — bezeichnet: Temple (Paris) ein ehemaliges Ordensgebiet der Templer in Paris und das in diesem Gebiet gelegene 3. Arrondissement von Paris Temple (Métro Paris) eine U Bahn Station in Paris Teile des ehemaligen Ordensgebiets der Templer in London:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Temple d'or —  Pour le film de J.Lee Thompson, voir Le temple d or …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Temple d'A-Ma — Temple d’A Ma Porte d entrée du complexe Présentation Nom local 媽閣廟 Culte Taoïsme, religion traditionnelle chinoise Type …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Temple — Tem ple, n. [AS. tempel, from L. templum a space marked out, sanctuary, temple; cf. Gr. ? a piece of land marked off, land dedicated to a god: cf. F. t[ e]mple, from the Latin. Cf. {Contemplate}.] 1. A place or edifice dedicated to the worship of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Temple — puede referirse a: Templanza, una virtud. La técnica de pintura denominada pintura al temple. La Orden del Temple, orden medieval de carácter religioso y militar nacida en la primera cruzada. Templado del acero Sir William Temple, estadista y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Temple du Hâ — Présentation Culte Protestant Type Temple Dé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • temple — sustantivo masculino 1. Carácter o estado de ánimo de una persona: Tienes que tener mucho temple para que no te desanime. Es un hombre de temple optimista. 2. Capacidad de una persona para no perder los nervios o el control en las situaciones… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Temple — Temple, GA U.S. city in Georgia Population (2000): 2383 Housing Units (2000): 956 Land area (2000): 6.764119 sq. miles (17.518986 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.095859 sq. miles (0.248273 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.859978 sq. miles (17.767259 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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